The title of the talk is "The perception of scenes with natural light".
The talk is about the visual perception of animals (Homo Sapiens included) as they see some scenes with natural light, in this case is sun light.
The first part of the talk is about the visual perception of primates and some birds: How primate see fruit, how about birds. Some models are shown in the slides. What happened with the monochromatic animals (you can say color blind)? Most primates are not color blind so they can see the contrast better than the birds. The first part is mainly about the perception of colors and contrast. Pictures and their histogram were shown in the talk.
The second part is about the effect of shadow. Can human perceive shadow from natural light and from manipulated image? And how fast?
The first experiment is shadow direction. There are pictures of standing cylinders and their shadow with the "light source" from above. Which shadow has wrong direction?
Then the picture is rotated upside down. Which shadow has wrong direction?
Eye movement and time are measured.
It happened that humans are faster with the light source from below. Human is not aware with the light source from above, for example sun light.
The third part is about the estethic perception. In this part, the talk is about the visual perception of sunset. Is sunset beautiful? Why do people like sunset? Can we measure the beauty of the sunset?
Google give more than 40 millions results for sunset and more than 30 millions results for sunset pictures.
There are also experiments on a ship. People gathers more on the side of a ship where they can see a sunset.
There are two conditions in sunset. When the sun is high, there is Rayleigh scattering of sunlight. The sky looks red at that time. When the sun is low, very near horizon, there is Mie Scattering of sunlight. The sky looks blue with the horizon looks red and yellow.
The experiment is conducted the eye movement.
The result shows that when the sun is high, human prefer to see the sun in the sunset, not the halo or the red sky. On the contrary, after the sun reaches the horizon, human prefer to see the halo and the sky. From this experiment, the "beauty" of the sunset can be measured.
So the whole talk is about the perception of color and contrast, shadow and the esthetic. We can know the research interest of Prof. Troscianko from here.
Next talk will be interesting. It will be on February 1st, 2010. It is about neuroethic. The title will be "Von der Neuroethik zur Bewusstseinsethik". Well, reading "mind" can lead to some ethical problems. I will make another blog post of the next talk.